Private businesses are a critical part of the U.S. economy, yet they can’t always get the capital they need to grow. For investors, this demand could represent a new opportunity.
Private businesses are critical to the U.S. economy, but right now, many are starved of the capital they need to grow. As a result, there could be a potential opportunity for your clients to invest in vehicles that provide capital to these businesses.
Middle-market businesses—defined as those with revenue of $10 million to $1 billion by the National Center for the Middle Market —have a big impact on the economy. There are nearly 200,000 such businesses in the U.S., making up about a third of the U.S. private sector GDP and employing almost 47.9 million people.1
Given the importance of these private businesses, you might think banks would be lining up to lend to them. Yet that’s not the case. Many private businesses can’t get the capital they need to open a new factory, expand into a new territory, or bring on more workers. To understand why, you need to look at the various options that these businesses have—or often don’t have—for accessing capital.
Let’s look at the primary ways a private business can obtain capital:
Bank DebtAfter the financial crisis of 2008, many banks faced new regulations that limited their ability to lend. These regulations—including the Dodd-Frank Act, the Volcker Rule, and Basel III—led to higher costs and stricter requirements on bank loans. Some of the rules are still being hashed out, but the uncertainty itself can make banks hesitant to lend.
Consolidation in the financial sector is a factor as well. The four largest banks today were formed through mergers and acquisitions among 37 different banks since 1990.2 Those two factors—regulation and consolidation—mean that there are simply fewer banks making fewer loans these days.
Public EquityPrivate businesses can list themselves on public stock exchanges—essentially selling a slice of equity to public shareholders. However, many of these businesses are too small to go public. Listing on public exchanges carries significant costs, along with reporting and compliance requirements. One recent study found that just 3 percent of small and mid-sized businesses are publicly traded, and only another 3 percent have considered it.3
Private EquityPrivate equity is another option. Yet a lot of activity in the sector is focused on leveraged buyouts of businesses that are distressed or businesses with management teams that do not want to retain any ownership. Private equity firms typically take over operational control, with a goal of taking dramatic steps to improve performance so that the business can be sold again. It’s not a realistic option for healthy businesses that simply need an infusion of capital to get bigger.
Demand Meets SupplyWhat is a healthy, growing business to do? One option is to seek private capital (a private equity and debt investment alongside the existing management team). In addition to meeting the business’s capital needs, this option provides some additional benefits by allowing the owner or management team to retain operational involvement as well as some level of ownership.
How do businesses access this type of investment? One way is through investment vehicles that combine the funds of individual investors to create a pool of debt and equity that middle-market businesses can access to keep growing. Investors potentially benefit from income (through the debt component) and long-term growth (through the equity component). In this unique structure, investors own the full capital stack (a controlling debt and equity investment) and have aligning interests with current management. As with any investment, investors should review the fees and expenses associated with investing in private businesses, as there are substantial costs.
As long as capital is constrained for private businesses, there will be an unmet need in the market. And as with any unmet need, a potential opportunity is created. For investors in your client base, providing private capital to these businesses could be an interesting option.
1 3Q 2017 Middle Market Indicator, National Center for the Middle Market.
2 “The Making of the 'Big Four' Banking Oligopoly in One Chart,” Visual Capitalist, Jan. 25, 2016.
3 Access to Capital: How Small and Mid-Sized Businesses Are Funding Their Futures, Milken Institute and the National Center for the Middle Market, April 30, 2015.
CNL Strategic Capital
Please read the prospectus, including the full Risk Factors section for offering details.
An investment in CNL Strategic Capital, LLC is considered speculative and involves a high degree of risk, including the loss of all or a substantial amount of investment. CNL Strategic Capital is not a short-term investment and requires investors to meet the minimum suitability standards.
CNL Strategic Capital is a recently formed entity that has no operating history. It may be unable to successfully implement its business and acquisition strategies or meet its investment objectives. This will initially be a blind pool offering, and investors will not have the opportunity to evaluate businesses prior to acquisition.
An investment in CNL Strategic Capital is illiquid and no secondary market is expected to develop. Shares sold in this offering will not be listed on an exchange or quoted through a quotation system for the foreseeable future, if ever. Investors will have limited liquidity. If investors are able to sell their shares, they will likely receive less than their purchase price.
Distributions are at the discretion of the board of directors and are not guaranteed in frequency or amount. In the early stages, distributions will be paid from cash from operations, offering proceeds, borrowings or cash resulting from expense support from the managers. CNL Strategic Capital is obligated to repay expense support to the managers over several years, reducing future distributions and potentially diluting value for future shareholders.
Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations and may be identified by words such as believes, anticipates, expects, may, will, continues, could, targeted and terms of similar substance, and speak only as of the date made. Actual results could differ materially due to risks and uncertainties that are beyond the offering’s ability to control or accurately predict. Investors and financial advisors should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements.
© 2019 CNL Securities Corp. | All Rights Reserved.
CNL® and the Squares Within Squares design trademarks are used under license from CNL Intellectual Properties, LLC.